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Intratumoral injection of dendritic cells in...
2007-03-27 guojun上一篇 | 下一篇

    1: Int J Cancer. 2007 Feb 9; [Epub ahead of print]Click here to read  Links

    Intratumoral injection of dendritic cells in combination with local hyperthermia induces systemic antitumor effect in patients with advanced melanoma.

    Guo J, Zhu J, Sheng X, Wang X, Qu L, Han Y, Liu Y, Zhang H, Huo L, Zhang S, Lin B, Yang Z.

    Department of Renal Cancer and Melanoma, Peking University School of Oncology, Beijing Cancer Hospital, Beijing, People's Republic of China.

    Dendritic cells (DC) are potent antigen-presenting cells that can present tumor antigens chaperoned by heat shock proteins (HSPs), while local hyperthermia (LHT) can increase the expression of HSPs. In this study, we determine if intratumoral injection of immature DC after LHT (LHT+IT-DC) induces systemic antitumor immunity in patients with advanced melanoma, and investigate the potential immunological mechanisms involved in the treatments. Patients were randomly assigned to intratumoral administration of autologous immature DC triweekly, with (LHT+IT-DC, arm A, n = 9) or without (IT-DC, arm B, n = 9) LHT. Our results showed that there were no grade 3/4 toxicities. The time to progress (TTP) of arm A was 5 months, significantly longer than that in arm B (2 months, p < 0.05). However, the overall survival time had no statistical difference (13 months vs. 6 months, p > 0.05) between the 2 groups. Our ELISPOT assay showed a significantly increased melanoma-specific IFN-gamma production in arm A, suggesting that LHT+IT-DC was more effective in the induction of cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL) than IT-DC alone. Furthermore, we detected an increased HSPs expression 4 hr after the first LHT, an enhanced Th1/Th2 chemokines production 24 hr after the first LHT+IT-DC treatment, a promoted migration of DC to afferent lymph nodes, and a decreased infiltration of regulatory T cells (CD4(+)CD25(+)) and an increased infiltration of active CTL (CD8(+)CD28(+)) 48 hr after the third DC injection in arm A patients. Therefore, LHT+IT-DC can induce effective specific antitumor immunity and facilitate a Th1-polarized immune response in patients with advanced melanoma. (c) 2007 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

    PMID: 17294445 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]